Podocarpus – Podocarpus species are evergreen trees, usually from 1 to 25 m (3 to 82 ft) tall, known to reach 40 m (130 ft) at times. The cones have two to five fused cone scales, which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly colored receptacle at maturity. The fleshy cones attract birds, which then eat the cones and disperse the seeds in their droppings. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species.
Eucalyptus (/ˌjuːkəˈlɪptəs/) is a genus of over seven hundred species of flowering trees, shrubs or mallees in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. Along with several other genera in the tribe Eucalypteae, including Corymbia, they are commonly known as eucalypts. Plants in the genus Eucalyptus have bark that is either smooth, fibrous, hard or stringy, leaves with oil glands, and sepals and petals that are fused to form a “cap” or operculum over the stamens. The fruit is a woody capsule commonly referred to as a “gumnut”.
Different commonly recognized types of bark include:
- Stringybark—consists of long fibers and can be pulled off in long pieces. It is usually thick with a spongy texture.
- Ironbark—is hard, rough, and deeply furrowed. It is impregnated with dried kino (a sap exuded by the tree) which gives a dark red or even black color.
- Tessellated—bark is broken up into many distinct flakes. They are cockish and can flake off.
- Box—has short fibers. Some also show tessellation.
- Ribbon—has the bark coming off in long, thin pieces, but is still loosely attached in some places. They can be long ribbons, firmer strips, or twisted curls.
Carrotwood – Cupaniopsis anacardioides, with common names tuckeroo, carrotwood, beach tamarind and green-leaved tamarind, is a species of flowering tree in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae, that is native to eastern and northern Australia. The usual habitat is littoral rainforest on sand or near estuaries. The range of natural distribution is from Seven Mile Beach, New South Wales (34.8° S) to Queensland, northern Australia and New Guinea. Cupaniopsis anacardioides is an invasive species in some parts of the United States, primarily Florida and Hawaii.
Chinese Orchid Tree – Bauhinia yunnanensis is a plant with the common name Chinese orchid tree. It is a perennial dicot in the genus Bauhinia, described as a shrub or vine. It is in the Fabaceae family. It has orchid-like flowers. It has been introduced in Florida, in the USA. It is also commonly referred to as the Yunnan orchid or orchid vine, and it has also been known under the taxonomic synonym Phanera yunnanensis